Work-place social capital and smoking cessation: The Finnish Public Sector Study

Anne Kouvonen, Tuula Oksanen, Jussi Vahtera, Ari Väänänen, Roberto De Vogli, Marko Elovainio, Jaana Pentti, Stavroula Leka, Thomas Cox, Mika Kivimäki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

48 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aims: To examine whether high social capital at work is associated with an increased likelihood of smoking cessation in baseline smokers. Design: Prospective cohort study. Setting: Finland. Participants: A total of 4853 employees who reported to be smokers in the baseline survey in 2000-2002 (response rate 68%) and responded to a follow-up survey on smoking status in 2004-2005 (response rate 77%). Measurements: Work-place social capital was assessed using a validated and psychometrically tested eight-item measure. Control variables included sex, age, socio-economic position, marital status, place of work, heavy drinking, physical activity, body mass index and physician-diagnosed depression. Findings: In multi-level logistic regression models adjusted for all the covariates, the odds for being a non-smoker at follow-up were 1.26 [95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.03-1.55] times higher for baseline smokers who reported high individual-level social capital than for their counterparts with low social capital. In an analysis stratified by socio-economic position, a significant association between individual-level social capital and smoking cessation was observed in the high socio-economic group [odds ratio (OR) (95% CI) = 1.63 (1.01-2.63)], but not in intermediate [(OR = 1.10 (0.83-1.47)] or low socio-economic groups [(OR = 1.28 (0.86-1.91)]. Work unit-level social capital was not associated with smoking cessation. Conclusions: If the observed associations are causal, these findings suggest that high perceived social capital at work may facilitate smoking cessation among smokers in higher-status jobs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1857-1865
Number of pages9
JournalAddiction
Volume103
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2008
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Public Sector
Smoking Cessation
Workplace
Economics
Odds Ratio
Logistic Models
Confidence Intervals
Marital Status
Finland
Social Capital
Drinking
Body Mass Index
Cohort Studies
Smoking
Prospective Studies
Exercise
Depression
Physicians

Keywords

  • Multi-level analysis
  • Prospective cohort study
  • Psychosocial factors
  • Smoking cessation
  • Social capital
  • Work

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Kouvonen, A., Oksanen, T., Vahtera, J., Väänänen, A., De Vogli, R., Elovainio, M., ... Kivimäki, M. (2008). Work-place social capital and smoking cessation: The Finnish Public Sector Study. Addiction, 103(11), 1857-1865. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1360-0443.2008.02315.x

Work-place social capital and smoking cessation : The Finnish Public Sector Study. / Kouvonen, Anne; Oksanen, Tuula; Vahtera, Jussi; Väänänen, Ari; De Vogli, Roberto; Elovainio, Marko; Pentti, Jaana; Leka, Stavroula; Cox, Thomas; Kivimäki, Mika.

In: Addiction, Vol. 103, No. 11, 11.2008, p. 1857-1865.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kouvonen, A, Oksanen, T, Vahtera, J, Väänänen, A, De Vogli, R, Elovainio, M, Pentti, J, Leka, S, Cox, T & Kivimäki, M 2008, 'Work-place social capital and smoking cessation: The Finnish Public Sector Study', Addiction, vol. 103, no. 11, pp. 1857-1865. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1360-0443.2008.02315.x
Kouvonen A, Oksanen T, Vahtera J, Väänänen A, De Vogli R, Elovainio M et al. Work-place social capital and smoking cessation: The Finnish Public Sector Study. Addiction. 2008 Nov;103(11):1857-1865. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1360-0443.2008.02315.x
Kouvonen, Anne ; Oksanen, Tuula ; Vahtera, Jussi ; Väänänen, Ari ; De Vogli, Roberto ; Elovainio, Marko ; Pentti, Jaana ; Leka, Stavroula ; Cox, Thomas ; Kivimäki, Mika. / Work-place social capital and smoking cessation : The Finnish Public Sector Study. In: Addiction. 2008 ; Vol. 103, No. 11. pp. 1857-1865.
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abstract = "Aims: To examine whether high social capital at work is associated with an increased likelihood of smoking cessation in baseline smokers. Design: Prospective cohort study. Setting: Finland. Participants: A total of 4853 employees who reported to be smokers in the baseline survey in 2000-2002 (response rate 68{\%}) and responded to a follow-up survey on smoking status in 2004-2005 (response rate 77{\%}). Measurements: Work-place social capital was assessed using a validated and psychometrically tested eight-item measure. Control variables included sex, age, socio-economic position, marital status, place of work, heavy drinking, physical activity, body mass index and physician-diagnosed depression. Findings: In multi-level logistic regression models adjusted for all the covariates, the odds for being a non-smoker at follow-up were 1.26 [95{\%} confidence interval (CI) = 1.03-1.55] times higher for baseline smokers who reported high individual-level social capital than for their counterparts with low social capital. In an analysis stratified by socio-economic position, a significant association between individual-level social capital and smoking cessation was observed in the high socio-economic group [odds ratio (OR) (95{\%} CI) = 1.63 (1.01-2.63)], but not in intermediate [(OR = 1.10 (0.83-1.47)] or low socio-economic groups [(OR = 1.28 (0.86-1.91)]. Work unit-level social capital was not associated with smoking cessation. Conclusions: If the observed associations are causal, these findings suggest that high perceived social capital at work may facilitate smoking cessation among smokers in higher-status jobs.",
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