Women’s Occupational Patterns and Later Life Physical Functioning

Aimee J. Palumbo, Carolyn Cannuscio, Anneclaire J. De Roos, Lucy Robinson, Jana Mossey, Robert Wallace, Lorena Garcia, Aladdin H. Shadyab, Shawnita Sealy-Jefferson, Yvonne Michael

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: Timing and accumulation of work-related exposures may influence later life health. This study evaluates the association between women’s work patterns and physical functioning. Method: Work history and physical functioning information was collected at baseline for U.S. women ages 50 to 79 years in the Women’s Health Initiative Observational Study (N = 75,507). We estimated life course workforce participation patterns using latent class analysis. Associations between work patterns and physical limitations were explored using modified Poisson regression. Results: Compared with working continuously, women who left the workforce early had 8% increased risk and women who worked intermittently had 5% reduced risk of physical limitations later in life. The negative association with intermittent workforce participation was stronger for women with substantively complex work (9% reduced risk) than for women with nonsubstantively complex work (2% reduced risk). Discussion: Life course work patterns and characteristics may contribute to physical functioning later in life among women.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Aging and Health
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

Fingerprint

participation
working woman
Working Women
women's work
health
Women's Health
Observational Studies
regression
history
Health

Keywords

  • epidemiology
  • life course
  • physical function
  • women’s employment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Gerontology
  • Community and Home Care
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Life-span and Life-course Studies

Cite this

Palumbo, A. J., Cannuscio, C., De Roos, A. J., Robinson, L., Mossey, J., Wallace, R., ... Michael, Y. (2019). Women’s Occupational Patterns and Later Life Physical Functioning. Journal of Aging and Health. https://doi.org/10.1177/0898264319826797

Women’s Occupational Patterns and Later Life Physical Functioning. / Palumbo, Aimee J.; Cannuscio, Carolyn; De Roos, Anneclaire J.; Robinson, Lucy; Mossey, Jana; Wallace, Robert; Garcia, Lorena; Shadyab, Aladdin H.; Sealy-Jefferson, Shawnita; Michael, Yvonne.

In: Journal of Aging and Health, 01.01.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Palumbo, AJ, Cannuscio, C, De Roos, AJ, Robinson, L, Mossey, J, Wallace, R, Garcia, L, Shadyab, AH, Sealy-Jefferson, S & Michael, Y 2019, 'Women’s Occupational Patterns and Later Life Physical Functioning', Journal of Aging and Health. https://doi.org/10.1177/0898264319826797
Palumbo AJ, Cannuscio C, De Roos AJ, Robinson L, Mossey J, Wallace R et al. Women’s Occupational Patterns and Later Life Physical Functioning. Journal of Aging and Health. 2019 Jan 1. https://doi.org/10.1177/0898264319826797
Palumbo, Aimee J. ; Cannuscio, Carolyn ; De Roos, Anneclaire J. ; Robinson, Lucy ; Mossey, Jana ; Wallace, Robert ; Garcia, Lorena ; Shadyab, Aladdin H. ; Sealy-Jefferson, Shawnita ; Michael, Yvonne. / Women’s Occupational Patterns and Later Life Physical Functioning. In: Journal of Aging and Health. 2019.
@article{a990e678192a4072bd91c4f3d2fc912e,
title = "Women’s Occupational Patterns and Later Life Physical Functioning",
abstract = "Objective: Timing and accumulation of work-related exposures may influence later life health. This study evaluates the association between women’s work patterns and physical functioning. Method: Work history and physical functioning information was collected at baseline for U.S. women ages 50 to 79 years in the Women’s Health Initiative Observational Study (N = 75,507). We estimated life course workforce participation patterns using latent class analysis. Associations between work patterns and physical limitations were explored using modified Poisson regression. Results: Compared with working continuously, women who left the workforce early had 8{\%} increased risk and women who worked intermittently had 5{\%} reduced risk of physical limitations later in life. The negative association with intermittent workforce participation was stronger for women with substantively complex work (9{\%} reduced risk) than for women with nonsubstantively complex work (2{\%} reduced risk). Discussion: Life course work patterns and characteristics may contribute to physical functioning later in life among women.",
keywords = "epidemiology, life course, physical function, women’s employment",
author = "Palumbo, {Aimee J.} and Carolyn Cannuscio and {De Roos}, {Anneclaire J.} and Lucy Robinson and Jana Mossey and Robert Wallace and Lorena Garcia and Shadyab, {Aladdin H.} and Shawnita Sealy-Jefferson and Yvonne Michael",
year = "2019",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1177/0898264319826797",
language = "English (US)",
journal = "Journal of Aging and Health",
issn = "0898-2643",
publisher = "SAGE Publications Inc.",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Women’s Occupational Patterns and Later Life Physical Functioning

AU - Palumbo, Aimee J.

AU - Cannuscio, Carolyn

AU - De Roos, Anneclaire J.

AU - Robinson, Lucy

AU - Mossey, Jana

AU - Wallace, Robert

AU - Garcia, Lorena

AU - Shadyab, Aladdin H.

AU - Sealy-Jefferson, Shawnita

AU - Michael, Yvonne

PY - 2019/1/1

Y1 - 2019/1/1

N2 - Objective: Timing and accumulation of work-related exposures may influence later life health. This study evaluates the association between women’s work patterns and physical functioning. Method: Work history and physical functioning information was collected at baseline for U.S. women ages 50 to 79 years in the Women’s Health Initiative Observational Study (N = 75,507). We estimated life course workforce participation patterns using latent class analysis. Associations between work patterns and physical limitations were explored using modified Poisson regression. Results: Compared with working continuously, women who left the workforce early had 8% increased risk and women who worked intermittently had 5% reduced risk of physical limitations later in life. The negative association with intermittent workforce participation was stronger for women with substantively complex work (9% reduced risk) than for women with nonsubstantively complex work (2% reduced risk). Discussion: Life course work patterns and characteristics may contribute to physical functioning later in life among women.

AB - Objective: Timing and accumulation of work-related exposures may influence later life health. This study evaluates the association between women’s work patterns and physical functioning. Method: Work history and physical functioning information was collected at baseline for U.S. women ages 50 to 79 years in the Women’s Health Initiative Observational Study (N = 75,507). We estimated life course workforce participation patterns using latent class analysis. Associations between work patterns and physical limitations were explored using modified Poisson regression. Results: Compared with working continuously, women who left the workforce early had 8% increased risk and women who worked intermittently had 5% reduced risk of physical limitations later in life. The negative association with intermittent workforce participation was stronger for women with substantively complex work (9% reduced risk) than for women with nonsubstantively complex work (2% reduced risk). Discussion: Life course work patterns and characteristics may contribute to physical functioning later in life among women.

KW - epidemiology

KW - life course

KW - physical function

KW - women’s employment

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85060973396&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85060973396&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1177/0898264319826797

DO - 10.1177/0898264319826797

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85060973396

JO - Journal of Aging and Health

JF - Journal of Aging and Health

SN - 0898-2643

ER -