Wildlife, exotic pets, and emerging zoonoses

Bruno B Chomel, Albino Belotto, François Xavier Meslin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

223 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Most emerging infectious diseases are zoonotic; wildlife constitutes a large and often unknown reservoir. Wildlife can also be a source for reemergence of previously controlled zoonoses. Although the discovery of such zoonoses is often related to better diagnostic tools, the leading causes of their emergence are human behavior and modifications to natural habitats (expansion of human populations and their encroachment on wildlife habitat), changes in agricultural practices, and globalization of trade. However, other factors include wildlife trade and translocation, live animal and bushmeat markets, consumption of exotic foods, development of ecotourism, access to petting zoos, and ownership of exotic pets. To reduce risk for emerging zoonoses, the public should be educated about the risks associated with wildlife, bushmeat, and exotic pet trades; and proper surveillance systems should be implemented.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)6-11
Number of pages6
JournalEmerging Infectious Diseases
Volume13
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2007

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Zoonoses
Ecosystem
Emerging Communicable Diseases
Internationality
Behavior Therapy
Ownership
Food
Exotic Animals
Population

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology (medical)

Cite this

Wildlife, exotic pets, and emerging zoonoses. / Chomel, Bruno B; Belotto, Albino; Meslin, François Xavier.

In: Emerging Infectious Diseases, Vol. 13, No. 1, 01.2007, p. 6-11.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Chomel, BB, Belotto, A & Meslin, FX 2007, 'Wildlife, exotic pets, and emerging zoonoses', Emerging Infectious Diseases, vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 6-11.
Chomel, Bruno B ; Belotto, Albino ; Meslin, François Xavier. / Wildlife, exotic pets, and emerging zoonoses. In: Emerging Infectious Diseases. 2007 ; Vol. 13, No. 1. pp. 6-11.
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