Whole genome sequencing and phylogenetic analysis of Bluetongue virus serotype 2 strains isolated in the Americas including a novel strain from the western United States

Natasha N. Gaudreault, Christie E. Mayo, Dane C. Jasperson, Beate Crossley, Richard E. Breitmeyer, Donna J. Johnson, Eileen N. Ostlund, Nigel J Maclachlan, William C. Wilson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Scopus citations


Bluetongue is a potentially fatal arboviral disease of domestic and wild ruminants that is characterized by widespread edema and tissue necrosis. Bluetongue virus (BTV) serotypes 10, 11, 13, and 17 occur throughout much of the United States, whereas serotype 2 (BTV-2) was previously only detected in the southeastern United States. Since 1998, 10 other BTV serotypes have also been isolated from ruminants in the southeastern United States. In 2010, BTV-2 was identified in California for the first time, and preliminary sequence analysis indicated that the virus isolate was closely related to BTV strains circulating in the southeastern United States. In the current study, the whole genome sequence of the California strain of BTV-2 was compared with those of other BTV-2 strains in the Americas. The results of the analysis suggest co-circulation of genetically distinct viruses in the southeastern United States, and further suggest that the 2010 western isolate is closely related to southeastern strains of BTV. Although it remains uncertain as to how this novel virus was translocated to California, the findings of the current study underscore the need for ongoing surveillance of this economically important livestock disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)553-557
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2014



  • Bluetongue virus
  • phylogeny
  • sequence
  • serotype 2
  • whole genome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)

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