White-nosed coatis (Nasua narica) are a potential reservoir of Trypanosoma cruzi and other potentially zoonotic pathogens in Monteverde, Costa Rica

Lea R. Mehrkens, Lisa A. Shender, Michael J. Yabsley, Barbara C. Shock, Federico A. Chinchilla, Jesus Suarez, Kirsten Vk Gilardi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

We studied white-nosed coatis (Nasua narica) in Monteverde, Costa Rica to evaluate their potential as a reservoir for the vector-borne zoonotic parasite Trypanosoma cruzi and other selected microorganisms. We live-trapped 20 coatis in July and August 2011 and tested them for T. cruzi by blood smear, molecular analysis of blood, culture of blood and anal gland secretions, and serology. Seven coatis (35%) were polymerase-chain-reaction- positive for T. cruzi and one coati was also culture positive. We did not detect T. cruzi in anal gland secretions. All coatis were positive for Mycoplasma and Babesia, but were negative for Baylisascaris, Anaplasma, Candidatus Neoehrlichia lotoris, Ehrlichia, Bartonella, and several apicomplexan parasites. The possible pathogenicity of T. cruzi, Babesia, and Myco-plasma in coatis and their transmission potential to humans and domestic animals warrants further investigation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1014-1018
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Wildlife Diseases
Volume49
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2013

Keywords

  • Babesia
  • Chagas disease
  • Coati
  • Monteverde
  • Mycoplasma
  • Nasua narica
  • Try-panosoma cruzi
  • Zoonosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Ecology

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