Objective: CaMKII contributes to impaired contractility in heart failure by inducing SR Ca2+-leak. CaMKII-inhibition in the heart was suggested to be a novel therapeutic principle. Different CaMKII isoforms exist. Specifically targeting CaMKIIδ, the dominant isoform in the heart, could be of therapeutic potential without impairing other CaMKII isoforms. Rationale: We investigated whether cardiomyocyte function is affected by isoform-specific knockout (KO) of CaMKIIδ under basal conditions and upon stress, i.e. upon ß-adrenergic stimulation and during acidosis. Results: Systolic cardiac function was largely preserved in the KO in vivo (echocardiography) corresponding to unchanged Ca2+-transient amplitudes and isolated myocyte contractility in vitro. CaMKII activity was dramatically reduced while phosphatase-1 inhibitor-1 was significantly increased. Surprisingly, while diastolic Ca2+-elimination was slower in KO most likely due to decreased phospholamban Thr-17 phosphorylation, frequency-dependent acceleration of relaxation was still present. Despite decreased SR Ca2+-reuptake at lower frequencies, SR Ca2+-content was not diminished, which might be due to reduced diastolic SR Ca2+-loss in the KO as a consequence of lower RyR Ser-2815 phosphorylation. Challenging KO myocytes with isoproterenol showed intact inotropic and lusitropic responses. During acidosis, SR Ca2+-reuptake and SR Ca2+-loading were significantly impaired in KO, resulting in an inability to maintain systolic Ca2+-transients during acidosis and impaired recovery. Conclusions: Inhibition of CaMKIIδ appears to be safe under basal physiologic conditions. Specific conditions exist (e.g. during acidosis) under which CaMKII-inhibition might not be helpful or even detrimental. These conditions will have to be more clearly defined before CaMKII inhibition is used therapeutically.
- Calcium handling
- Excitation contraction coupling
- SERCA function
- SR Ca-leak
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Molecular Biology