When is occipitocervical fusion necessary for upper cervical injuries?

Darrin J. Lee, Arjang Ahmadpour, Jared D. Ament, Amir Goodarzi, Ripul R. Panchal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Craniocervical traumatic injuries affect the skull base, atlas and/or axis, and account for a minority of cervical injuries. The craniocervical junction is biomechanically responsible for the majority of axial rotation at the atlantoaxial complex and the greatest range of flexion/extension at the occipital-C1 joint. Therefore, identifying appropriate surgical indications is essential. The goals of occipitocervical fusion are neurological improvement, biomechanical stability, and correction of imbalance. Significant advances in surgical technique, hardware, and technology have occurred. Currently, the plate–screw–rod arthrodesis technique is the most effective technique. In the future, biomechanical studies and intraoperative navigation may reduce potential intraoperative and postoperative complications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)20-26
Number of pages7
JournalSeminars in Spine Surgery
Volume29
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2017

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Nervous System Trauma
Atlases
Arthrodesis
Intraoperative Complications
Skull Base
Joints
Technology
Wounds and Injuries

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

Cite this

Lee, D. J., Ahmadpour, A., Ament, J. D., Goodarzi, A., & Panchal, R. R. (2017). When is occipitocervical fusion necessary for upper cervical injuries? Seminars in Spine Surgery, 29(1), 20-26. https://doi.org/10.1053/j.semss.2016.09.005

When is occipitocervical fusion necessary for upper cervical injuries? / Lee, Darrin J.; Ahmadpour, Arjang; Ament, Jared D.; Goodarzi, Amir; Panchal, Ripul R.

In: Seminars in Spine Surgery, Vol. 29, No. 1, 01.03.2017, p. 20-26.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Lee, DJ, Ahmadpour, A, Ament, JD, Goodarzi, A & Panchal, RR 2017, 'When is occipitocervical fusion necessary for upper cervical injuries?', Seminars in Spine Surgery, vol. 29, no. 1, pp. 20-26. https://doi.org/10.1053/j.semss.2016.09.005
Lee, Darrin J. ; Ahmadpour, Arjang ; Ament, Jared D. ; Goodarzi, Amir ; Panchal, Ripul R. / When is occipitocervical fusion necessary for upper cervical injuries?. In: Seminars in Spine Surgery. 2017 ; Vol. 29, No. 1. pp. 20-26.
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