Well-balanced system for coronary calcium detection and volume measurement in a low resolution intravascular ultrasound videos

Sumit K. Banchhor, Narendra D. Londhe, Tadashi Araki, Luca Saba, Petia Radeva, John R. Laird, Jasjit S. Suri, Fellow AIMBE

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background Accurate and fast quantitative assessment of calcium volume is required during the planning of percutaneous coronary interventions procedures. Low resolution in intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) coronary videos poses a threat to calcium detection causing over-estimation in volume measurement. We introduce a correction block that counter-balances the bias introduced during the calcium detection process. Method Nineteen patients image dataset (around 40,090 frames), IRB approved, were collected using 40 MHz IVUS catheter (Atlantis® SR Pro, Boston Scientific®, pullback speed of 0.5 mm/sec). A new set of 20 generalized and well-balanced systems each consisting of three stages: (i) calcium detection, (ii) calibration and (iii) measurement, while ensuring accuracy of four soft classifiers (Threshold, FCM, K-means and HMRF) and workflow speed using five multiresolution techniques (bilinear, bicubic, wavelet, Lanczos, Gaussian Pyramid) were designed. Results of the three calcium detection methods were benchmarked against the Threshold-based method. Results All 20 well-balanced systems with calibration block show superior performance. Using calibration block, FCM versus Threshold-based method shows the highest cross-correlation 0.99 (P<0.0001), Jaccard index 0.984±0.013 (P<0.0001), and Dice similarity 0.992±0.007 (P<0.0001). The corresponding area under the curve for four calcium detection techniques is: 1.0, 1.0, 0.97 and 0.93, respectively. The mean overall performance improvement is 38.54% and when adapting calibration block. The mean workflow speed improvement is 62.14% when adapting multiresolution paradigm. Three clinical tests shows consistency, reliability, and stability of our well-balanced system. Conclusions A well-balanced system with a combination of Threshold embedded with Lanczos multiresolution was optimal and can be useable in clinical settings.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)168-181
Number of pages14
JournalComputers in Biology and Medicine
Volume84
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2017

Keywords

  • Calibration
  • Classification
  • Coronary calcium volume
  • Low-resolution IVUS
  • Multiresolution
  • Speed

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science Applications
  • Health Informatics

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