Weight loss in women participating in a randomized trial of low-fat diets

Lianne Sheppard, Alan R. Kristal, Lawrence H. Kushi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

181 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We examined weight changes over 1 and 2 y in 303 women enrolled in a low-fat dietary-intervention trial. Participants were randomly assigned to an intervention group that received intensive instruction in maintaining a low-fat diet or to a control group. After 1 y intervention-group women had decreased fat intake by 45.3 g (from 39.2% to 21.6% energy from fat) and weight by 3.1 kg (all P < 0.0001); control-group women decreased fat intake by 8.8 g (from 38.9% to 37.3% energy from fat) and weight by 0.4 kg. In both univariate analyses and multivariate models, weight loss was more strongly associated with change in percent energy from fat than with change in total energy intake. These data, which are consistent with both epidemiologic and clinical studies, suggest that body adiposity is a function both of energy balance and the proportion of energy derived from fat.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)821-828
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Volume54
Issue number5
StatePublished - Nov 1991
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Fat-Restricted Diet
low fat diet
Weight Loss
weight loss
Fats
energy
fat intake
lipids
Weights and Measures
adiposity
dietary fat
energy balance
epidemiological studies
clinical trials
energy intake
Control Groups
Dietary Fats
Adiposity
Energy Intake
Epidemiologic Studies

Keywords

  • Diet composition
  • Dietary fat
  • Dietary intervention
  • Energy intake
  • Obesity
  • Weight loss

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Weight loss in women participating in a randomized trial of low-fat diets. / Sheppard, Lianne; Kristal, Alan R.; Kushi, Lawrence H.

In: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, Vol. 54, No. 5, 11.1991, p. 821-828.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Sheppard, L, Kristal, AR & Kushi, LH 1991, 'Weight loss in women participating in a randomized trial of low-fat diets', American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 54, no. 5, pp. 821-828.
Sheppard, Lianne ; Kristal, Alan R. ; Kushi, Lawrence H. / Weight loss in women participating in a randomized trial of low-fat diets. In: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 1991 ; Vol. 54, No. 5. pp. 821-828.
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