Weathering a cytokine storm: A case of EBV-induced hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis

Tiffany Y. Shaw, Michael Schivo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) is a rare but life-threatening disease caused by excessive immune activation. Acquired HLH is seen in adults and is often caused by infection or malignancy. Diagnosis is difficult and usually missed as clinical and laboratory findings are nonspecific. Moreover, the pathophysiology of the sys emic inflammatory response syndrome and/or sepsis is remarkably similar to HLH. Thus, in patients presenting with presumed severe sepsis or septic shock complicated by multiorgan failure without a clear infectious source, HLH should be considered. A disproportionately high ferritin may be one of the earlier laboratory findings to suggest HLH. We discuss a case of a young male who presented with presumed septic shock with multiorgan failure who was eventually found to have Epstein-Barr virus–induced HLH.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Investigative Medicine High Impact Case Reports
Volume4
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2016

Keywords

  • HLH
  • Hyperferritinemia
  • Macrophage activation syndrome
  • Multiorgan dysfunction syndrome
  • Sepsis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Safety Research

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