Wearable technology design for autism spectrum disorders

Sumin Helen Koo, Kim Gaul, Susan Rivera, Tingrui Pan, Dan Fong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background Wearable technologies have the potential to increase the quality of life and wellness for individuals with ASD and their families. However, there is a lack of research on WT for ASD and no research on understanding users. Thus, this interdisciplinary research was conducted to understand important design factors and preferred functions and design attributes for WT for ASD to guide the design process in the early-stages, and to develop and evaluate a WT prototype for ASD. Methods Individuals with ASD and their parents who are the potential users were recruited through purposive sampling. The data were analyzed through color-coding, major theme extraction, descriptive analysis, and a series of Welch's t-tests. A prototype was developed and evaluated based on the defined preferred functions and design attributes and design factors. Results First, the results about demographic backgrounds, prevalent symptoms, challenges in daily life, and user experiences related to WT were defined. Second, 12 important design factors of WT for ASD were identified. Third, individuals with ASD and their parents' preferred WT aspects on item types, functions, and design attributes, expected use frequency, use occasion, and data notification were identified. Lastly, a prototype was developed based on the results and evaluated for the future development of WT for ASD. Second, two groups were categorized according to the type of YOLO-disposition (high or low). Third, a well-being lifestyle based on a disposition type showed some significant differences in terms of both mental and physical health. Consumption value showed some significant differences in terms of differentiated value and social value. Conclusions The results are expected to help designersin the development process of WT for ASD and ultimately benefit individuals with ASD and their families and caregivers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)37-55
Number of pages19
JournalArchives of Design Research
Volume31
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2018

Fingerprint

Wearable technology
Autism Spectrum Disorders
Health
Sampling
Color
Prototype
Disposition
Descriptive
Well-being
Caregivers
Mental Health
User Experience
Daily Life
Demographics
Interdisciplinary Research
Wellness
Lifestyle
Quality of Life
Physical Health
Notification

Keywords

  • Autism
  • Design
  • Development
  • Wearable technology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Architecture
  • Visual Arts and Performing Arts
  • Computer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design

Cite this

Wearable technology design for autism spectrum disorders. / Koo, Sumin Helen; Gaul, Kim; Rivera, Susan; Pan, Tingrui; Fong, Dan.

In: Archives of Design Research, Vol. 31, No. 1, 01.02.2018, p. 37-55.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Koo, Sumin Helen ; Gaul, Kim ; Rivera, Susan ; Pan, Tingrui ; Fong, Dan. / Wearable technology design for autism spectrum disorders. In: Archives of Design Research. 2018 ; Vol. 31, No. 1. pp. 37-55.
@article{8225d0d5918c463e85c53f72edd06d70,
title = "Wearable technology design for autism spectrum disorders",
abstract = "Background Wearable technologies have the potential to increase the quality of life and wellness for individuals with ASD and their families. However, there is a lack of research on WT for ASD and no research on understanding users. Thus, this interdisciplinary research was conducted to understand important design factors and preferred functions and design attributes for WT for ASD to guide the design process in the early-stages, and to develop and evaluate a WT prototype for ASD. Methods Individuals with ASD and their parents who are the potential users were recruited through purposive sampling. The data were analyzed through color-coding, major theme extraction, descriptive analysis, and a series of Welch's t-tests. A prototype was developed and evaluated based on the defined preferred functions and design attributes and design factors. Results First, the results about demographic backgrounds, prevalent symptoms, challenges in daily life, and user experiences related to WT were defined. Second, 12 important design factors of WT for ASD were identified. Third, individuals with ASD and their parents' preferred WT aspects on item types, functions, and design attributes, expected use frequency, use occasion, and data notification were identified. Lastly, a prototype was developed based on the results and evaluated for the future development of WT for ASD. Second, two groups were categorized according to the type of YOLO-disposition (high or low). Third, a well-being lifestyle based on a disposition type showed some significant differences in terms of both mental and physical health. Consumption value showed some significant differences in terms of differentiated value and social value. Conclusions The results are expected to help designersin the development process of WT for ASD and ultimately benefit individuals with ASD and their families and caregivers.",
keywords = "Autism, Design, Development, Wearable technology",
author = "Koo, {Sumin Helen} and Kim Gaul and Susan Rivera and Tingrui Pan and Dan Fong",
year = "2018",
month = "2",
day = "1",
doi = "10.15187/adr.2018.02.31.1.37",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "31",
pages = "37--55",
journal = "Archives of Design Research",
issn = "1226-8046",
publisher = "Korean Society of Design Science",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Wearable technology design for autism spectrum disorders

AU - Koo, Sumin Helen

AU - Gaul, Kim

AU - Rivera, Susan

AU - Pan, Tingrui

AU - Fong, Dan

PY - 2018/2/1

Y1 - 2018/2/1

N2 - Background Wearable technologies have the potential to increase the quality of life and wellness for individuals with ASD and their families. However, there is a lack of research on WT for ASD and no research on understanding users. Thus, this interdisciplinary research was conducted to understand important design factors and preferred functions and design attributes for WT for ASD to guide the design process in the early-stages, and to develop and evaluate a WT prototype for ASD. Methods Individuals with ASD and their parents who are the potential users were recruited through purposive sampling. The data were analyzed through color-coding, major theme extraction, descriptive analysis, and a series of Welch's t-tests. A prototype was developed and evaluated based on the defined preferred functions and design attributes and design factors. Results First, the results about demographic backgrounds, prevalent symptoms, challenges in daily life, and user experiences related to WT were defined. Second, 12 important design factors of WT for ASD were identified. Third, individuals with ASD and their parents' preferred WT aspects on item types, functions, and design attributes, expected use frequency, use occasion, and data notification were identified. Lastly, a prototype was developed based on the results and evaluated for the future development of WT for ASD. Second, two groups were categorized according to the type of YOLO-disposition (high or low). Third, a well-being lifestyle based on a disposition type showed some significant differences in terms of both mental and physical health. Consumption value showed some significant differences in terms of differentiated value and social value. Conclusions The results are expected to help designersin the development process of WT for ASD and ultimately benefit individuals with ASD and their families and caregivers.

AB - Background Wearable technologies have the potential to increase the quality of life and wellness for individuals with ASD and their families. However, there is a lack of research on WT for ASD and no research on understanding users. Thus, this interdisciplinary research was conducted to understand important design factors and preferred functions and design attributes for WT for ASD to guide the design process in the early-stages, and to develop and evaluate a WT prototype for ASD. Methods Individuals with ASD and their parents who are the potential users were recruited through purposive sampling. The data were analyzed through color-coding, major theme extraction, descriptive analysis, and a series of Welch's t-tests. A prototype was developed and evaluated based on the defined preferred functions and design attributes and design factors. Results First, the results about demographic backgrounds, prevalent symptoms, challenges in daily life, and user experiences related to WT were defined. Second, 12 important design factors of WT for ASD were identified. Third, individuals with ASD and their parents' preferred WT aspects on item types, functions, and design attributes, expected use frequency, use occasion, and data notification were identified. Lastly, a prototype was developed based on the results and evaluated for the future development of WT for ASD. Second, two groups were categorized according to the type of YOLO-disposition (high or low). Third, a well-being lifestyle based on a disposition type showed some significant differences in terms of both mental and physical health. Consumption value showed some significant differences in terms of differentiated value and social value. Conclusions The results are expected to help designersin the development process of WT for ASD and ultimately benefit individuals with ASD and their families and caregivers.

KW - Autism

KW - Design

KW - Development

KW - Wearable technology

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85042566218&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85042566218&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.15187/adr.2018.02.31.1.37

DO - 10.15187/adr.2018.02.31.1.37

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85042566218

VL - 31

SP - 37

EP - 55

JO - Archives of Design Research

JF - Archives of Design Research

SN - 1226-8046

IS - 1

ER -