Volume replacement in the neonatal ICU: Crystalloids and colloids

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations


The perinatal foal has a higher body water content and turnover rate than adult horses. Critically ill foals have even more complex fluid requirements, dictated by hemodynamic alterations associated with systemic inflammatory response syndromes such as sepsis or peripartum asphyxia syndrome. Understanding fluid requirements and available fluid choices is an important part of managing the ICU patient, to maximize fluid balance and oxygen delivery to tissues. This paper reviews some of the unique features of water balance in neonatal foals, fluid requirements for replacement and maintenance needs, as well as available fluid choices. Crystalloid and colloid solutions are discussed, emphasizing advantages and disadvantages of each.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)20-30
Number of pages11
JournalClinical Techniques in Equine Practice
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 2003


  • Colloids
  • Crystalloids
  • Fluids
  • Neonatal foal
  • Volume support

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Equine


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