Vitamin A deficiency in non-vitamin-supplemented patients with AIDS: A cross-sectional study

D. L. Karter, A. J. Karter, R. Yarrish, C. Patterson, Philip H Kass, J. Nord, J. Ward Kislak

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

43 Scopus citations


The prevalence of vitamin A deficiency and its association with dietary retinol intake in patients with AIDS was assessed in a cross-sectional study. Sixty eligible patients with AIDS provided serum samples that were analyzed for retinol content. Exclusion criteria included current use of vitamin supplements (57% of the 140 willing to participate) and pregnancy (none). Past dietary intake was determined using a standardized food intake frequency questionnaire. The prevalence of hyporetinemia was 22%. This was a 241-fold greater prevalence than that of a representative sample of the U.S. population, after adjusting for age and sex. There was a positive association between serum retinol status and dietary intake, but 27% of those with adequate intake had serum retinol levels below the normal range. These findings suggest that regardless of intake, patients with AIDS may represent a population at considerable risk of vitamin A deficiency.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)199-203
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes and Human Retrovirology
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1995
Externally publishedYes


  • diet
  • human immunodeficiency virus
  • nutrition
  • retinol
  • vitamin A

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Virology


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