Vitamin A deficiency in non-vitamin-supplemented patients with AIDS: A cross-sectional study

D. L. Karter, A. J. Karter, R. Yarrish, C. Patterson, Philip H Kass, J. Nord, J. Ward Kislak

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

43 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The prevalence of vitamin A deficiency and its association with dietary retinol intake in patients with AIDS was assessed in a cross-sectional study. Sixty eligible patients with AIDS provided serum samples that were analyzed for retinol content. Exclusion criteria included current use of vitamin supplements (57% of the 140 willing to participate) and pregnancy (none). Past dietary intake was determined using a standardized food intake frequency questionnaire. The prevalence of hyporetinemia was 22%. This was a 241-fold greater prevalence than that of a representative sample of the U.S. population, after adjusting for age and sex. There was a positive association between serum retinol status and dietary intake, but 27% of those with adequate intake had serum retinol levels below the normal range. These findings suggest that regardless of intake, patients with AIDS may represent a population at considerable risk of vitamin A deficiency.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)199-203
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes and Human Retrovirology
Volume8
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1995
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Vitamin A Deficiency
Vitamin A
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
Cross-Sectional Studies
Serum
Vitamins
Reference Values
Eating
Pregnancy
Population

Keywords

  • diet
  • human immunodeficiency virus
  • nutrition
  • retinol
  • vitamin A

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Virology

Cite this

Vitamin A deficiency in non-vitamin-supplemented patients with AIDS : A cross-sectional study. / Karter, D. L.; Karter, A. J.; Yarrish, R.; Patterson, C.; Kass, Philip H; Nord, J.; Ward Kislak, J.

In: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes and Human Retrovirology, Vol. 8, No. 2, 1995, p. 199-203.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Karter, D. L. ; Karter, A. J. ; Yarrish, R. ; Patterson, C. ; Kass, Philip H ; Nord, J. ; Ward Kislak, J. / Vitamin A deficiency in non-vitamin-supplemented patients with AIDS : A cross-sectional study. In: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes and Human Retrovirology. 1995 ; Vol. 8, No. 2. pp. 199-203.
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