Vertebral heart scores in eight dog breeds

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

29 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The vertebral heart score (VHS) measurement is commonly used to provide a more objective measurement of cardiomegaly in canines. However, several studies have shown significant breed variations from the value previously established by Buchanan and Bücheler (9.7 ± 0.5). This study describes VHS measurements in Pug, Pomeranian, Yorkshire Terrier, Dachshund, Bulldog, Shih Tzu, Lhasa Apso, and Boston Terrier dog breeds. Dogs with two or three view thoracic radiographs, no subjective radiographic evidence of cardiomegaly, and no physical examination findings of heart murmurs or gallop rhythms were included in the study. The Pug, Pomeranian, Bulldog, and Boston Terrier groups were found to have a VHS significantly greater than 9.7 ± 0.5 (P < 0.00001, P = 0.0014, P < 0.0001, P < 0.00001, respectively). Body condition score (BCS) was found to have a significant effect on the VHS of Lhasa Apso group. Anomalous vertebrae in the thoracic column were associated with a significant increase in VHS of the Bulldog (P = 0.028) and Boston Terrier (P = 0.0004) groups. Thoracic depth to width ratio did not have a significant effect on VHS.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3-8
Number of pages6
JournalVeterinary Radiology and Ultrasound
Volume54
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2013

Fingerprint

dog breeds
heart
Dogs
terriers
chest
Cardiomegaly
Thorax
Thoracic Vertebrae
Heart Murmurs
Dachshund
dogs
Physical Examination
Canidae
vertebrae
clinical examination
body condition
breeds

Keywords

  • Brachycephalic
  • Canine
  • Chondrodystrophic
  • Vertebral heart score
  • VHS

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)

Cite this

Vertebral heart scores in eight dog breeds. / Jepsen-Grant, K.; Pollard, Rachel E; Johnson, Lynelle R.

In: Veterinary Radiology and Ultrasound, Vol. 54, No. 1, 01.2013, p. 3-8.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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