Vascular dementia: Emerging trends

Neelum T. Aggarwal, Charles DeCarli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

35 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Vascular dementia is a term used to describe a constellation of cognitive and functional impairment that can be viewed as a subset of the larger syndrome of vascular cognitive impairment associated with cerebrovascular brain injury. Vascular dementia is a common disorder among the elderly, although it can also occur in younger persons. Comprising 20% of all cases of dementia in the United States, vascular dementia is the second most common form of dementia after Alzheimer's disease. Patients with vascular dementia often exhibit mood and behavioral changes and may have focal neurological signs on neurological examination. Primary treatment is through primary or secondary modification of cerebrovascular risk factors such as hypertension, although symptomatic treatments with cholinesterase inhibitors have shown modest symptomatic benefit.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)66-77
Number of pages12
JournalSeminars in Neurology
Volume27
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2007

Fingerprint

Vascular Dementia
Dementia
Cholinesterase Inhibitors
Neurologic Examination
Brain Injuries
Blood Vessels
Alzheimer Disease
Hypertension
Therapeutics
Cognitive Dysfunction

Keywords

  • Diagnostic criteria
  • Neuroimaging
  • Pathophysiology
  • Treatment
  • Vascular dementia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Neuroscience(all)

Cite this

Vascular dementia : Emerging trends. / Aggarwal, Neelum T.; DeCarli, Charles.

In: Seminars in Neurology, Vol. 27, No. 1, 02.2007, p. 66-77.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Aggarwal, Neelum T. ; DeCarli, Charles. / Vascular dementia : Emerging trends. In: Seminars in Neurology. 2007 ; Vol. 27, No. 1. pp. 66-77.
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