At Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, we are developing a new type of accelerator, known as a dielectric wall accelerator, in which compact pulse-forming lines directly apply an accelerating field to the beam through an insulating vacuum boundary. The electrical strength of this insulator may define the maximum gradient achievable in these machines. To increase the system gradient, we use "high-gradient insulators" composed of alternating layers of dielectric and metal for the vacuum insulator. In this paper, we present our recent results from experiment and simulation, including successful testing of a high-gradient insulator in a functioning dielectric wall accelerator cell. Our results indicate that proper high-voltage conditioning of the insulators can delay the onset of flashover, that the observed conditioning consists of both a permanent and a temporary part, and that the insulators' voltage-holding capability increases with increasing dielectric layer thickness.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)
- Physics and Astronomy(all)