Vaccination of cattle against bovine schistosomosis: current status and future prospects: a review

Imadeldin E. Aradaib, Bennie Osburn

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Bovine schistosomosis, caused by Schistosoma bovis, constitutes a serious veterinary problem in many parts of the world. The vaccination approaches for the control of bovine schistosomosis include the use of irradiation-attenuated S. bovis cercarial or schistosomular vaccines, S. bovis adult worms or whole-egg antigens and defined antigen vaccine. Irradiated S. bovis cercarial or schistosomular vaccines provide partial protection against S. bovis infection. However, this type of vaccine requires live infectious cercariae or viable schistosomula for induction of protection. Unfortunately, experimental immunizations with dead schistosome antigens have been largely unsuccessful. The surge of new techniques in cellular immunology and molecular biology has made possible the development of potential candidate vaccine antigens from various species of schistosomes including S. bovis. The efficiency of these vaccines has been evaluated in experimentally infected calves. These vaccines will probably replace the irradiated S. bovis vaccines. A broad-spectrum antischistosome vaccine which can kill a variety of human and animal schistosome species is yet to be produced.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)285-291
Number of pages7
JournalPreventive Veterinary Medicine
Volume22
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1995

Keywords

  • Cattle
  • Schistosoma bovis
  • Vaccines

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Food Animals

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