Helicobacter bilis is widespread among research mouse colonies. Serodiagnosis of Helicobacter infections involves use of bacterial lysates or membrane antigen preparations that lack specificity, necessitating the need to identify a specific and sensitive antigen. A previously reported recombinant protein (P167) was evaluated for use as an H. bilis-specific antigen for serologic testing. Seventy-six mice naturally infected with Helicobacter spp. were identified from commercially bred or sentinel mice. Infection was confirmed and speciated by use of cecal specimen culture and fecal polymerase chain reaction (PCR) analysis, followed by restriction enzyme digest of the amplicon. Forty-one mice were determined to be monoinfected with H. bilis, 27 mice were determined to be monoinfected with H. hepaticus, and eight mice were infected with another species of Helicobacter. Serum was diluted 1:100 to evaluate the immunoreactivity to enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay preparations of H. bilis membrane extract and the immunodominant C and D fragments of the p167 gene. The sensitivity was greatest for the membrane extract preparation (76%), whereas sensitivity to the P167C and D recombinants was lower (62 and 51%, respectively). However, the specificity of the membrane extract preparation was low (87%), compared with the much improved specificity of the recombinant P167C and D fragments (96 and 96%, respectively). These findings suggest that the recombinant P167C and D fragments of the p167 gene product from H. bilis can be used as specific reagents in the serodiagnosis of H. bilis infection in mice.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|State||Published - Feb 2004|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)