Use of the Hypotension Prediction Index During Cardiac Surgery

Brian Shin, Steven A. Maler, Keerthi Reddy, Neal W. Fleming

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: The hypotension prediction index (HPI) is a novel parameter developed by Edwards Lifesciences (Irvine, CA) that is obtained through an algorithm based on arterial pressure waveform characteristics. Past studies have demonstrated its accuracy in predicting hypotensive events in noncardiac surgeries. The authors aimed to evaluate the use of the HPI in cardiac surgeries requiring cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). Design: Prospective cohort feasibility study. Setting: Single university medical center. Participants: Sequential adult patients undergoing elective cardiac surgeries requiring CPB between October 1, 2018, and December 31, 2018. Interventions: HPI monitor was connected to the patient's arterial pressure transducer. Anesthesiologists and surgeons were blinded to the monitor output. Measurements and Main Results: HPI values and hypotensive events were recorded before and after CPB. The primary outcomes were the area under the curve (AUC) of the receiver operating characteristic curve, sensitivity, and specificity of HPI predicting hypotension. The AUC, sensitivity, and specificity for HPI lead time to hypotension five minutes before the event were 0.90 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.853-0.949), 84% (95% CI: 77.7-90.5), and 84% (95% CI: 70.9-96.8), respectively. Ten minutes before the event AUC, sensitivity, and specificity for HPI lead time to hypotension were 0.83 (95% CI: 0.750-0.905), 79% (95% CI: 69.8-88.1), and 74% (95% CI: 58.8-89.6), respectively. Fifteen minutes before the hypotensive event AUC, sensitivity, and specificity for HPI lead time to hypotension were 0.83 (95% CI: 0.746-0.911), 79% (95% CI: 68.4-89.0), and 74% (95% CI: 58.8-89.6), respectively. Conclusion: HPI predicted hypotensive episodes during cardiac surgeries with a high degree of sensitivity and specificity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2021

Keywords

  • arterial pressure waveform analysis
  • cardiac surgery
  • cardiopulmonary bypass
  • hypotension prediction index
  • intraoperative hypotension

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine

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