Outbreaks of Escherichia coli O157:H7 in the United States due to contaminated foods are a public health issue and a continuing problem. The major reservoir for these organisms is the gastrointestinal tract of ruminants where they are a member of the resident microbiota. Several factors that contribute to the colonization of cattle have been identified, but a systematic screen of genes that might contribute to the colonization and persistence phenotype in mature ruminants has not been reported. Using a sheep model of persistence, signature tagged mutagenesis (STM) was used to screen 1326 mutants for a persistence-negative phenotype of E. coli O157:H7. We identified 9 genes by STM that appeared to be required for colonization and/or survival in sheep. Three of the genes had functions associated with central metabolism (thiK, ftrA and nrdB), one was involved with LPS formation (wbdP), one encodes a non-LEE encoded effector protein (nleB) and one was a methyltransferase encoded on a prophage (Z2389). The remaining three genes did not have homology with any known genes. Six sheep given ΔwbdP and 2 sheep each were given mutants (ΔthiK (Z1745), ΔftrA (Z2164) and Z2389). The ΔwbdP mutant was recovered from the feces of 4/6 sheep at 6 days pi with a mean number of 1.42 log10 CFU/g feces compared to 4.6 log10 CFU/g feces for the wild type strain. This difference was significant (P < 0.001) over the time course of the experiment (days 6–23). Both ΔthiK and ΔftrA mutants were recovered from 1 of 2 sheep at 9 days PI by enrichment procedures (<50 CFU/g feces) whereas mutant Z2389 was not recovered from either animal past 2 days pi. The roles of all of these gene products require further study to determine how the persistence phenotype of a given strain of E. coli O157:H7 interacts with host factors.
- E. coli O157:H7
ASJC Scopus subject areas