Use of regression analysis and flow cytometry for determining levels of mixed semiallogeneic immune chimerism

Rajen Ramsamooj, Mayuri P. Patel, Ramon Llull, Steven Levin, Kirby S. Black, Charles W. Hewitt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


It has been shown that tolerance or specific immunologic nonresponsiveness in various lymphohemopoietic transplant models can be associated with the development of mixed lymphoid chimerism. As a specific example, composite tissue (limb) allografts were studied as a model for vascularized bone marrow transplantation (VBMT) and it was demonstrated that development of stable cellular immune chimerism is associated with long-term allograft survival. Recently, studies were initiated using a new parental to hybrid VBMT model, but the detection of donor cells is complicated, due to the fact that they share one parental allotypic determinant. Therefore, regression analysis with a flow cytometric immunofluorescent staining assay was evaluated for the assessment of cellular lymphoid chimerism in donor parental to hybrid (P → F1) lymphohemopoietic transplant models. Standard curves consisting of known mixed populations of parental donor (Lewis, LEW) and hybrid host F1 (Lew x BN, LBN) lymphocytes were established. Standard curves were analyzed by linear regression statistics and excellent coefficients of determination (r > .881) were obtained for all standard curves. A highly statistically significant (p < .016) linear relationship between level of donor cell chimerism (independent variable) and percent stained (dependent variable) was determined. The technique was then evaluated using the parental to hybrid VBMT model. Levels of donor LEW lymphoid chimerism in all VBMT LBN recipients were successfully assessed by regression analysis and inverse prediction using distinct recipient allodeterminant markers. In conclusion, this technique was proven to be reliable and accurate for the detection of chimerism in parental to F1 lymphohemopoietic allograft models.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)273-281
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Investigative Surgery
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jul 1996
Externally publishedYes


  • Bone marrow transplantation
  • Chimerism
  • Composite tissue allografts (hind-limb)
  • GVHD
  • Tolerance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery


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