Infectious diseases are often initiated by microbial adherence that is mediated by the binding of attachment molecules, termed adhesins, to cell surface receptors on host cells. We present an experimental system, oblique-incidence reflectivity difference (OI-RD) microscopy, which allows the detection of novel, low-affinity microbial attachment mechanisms that may be essential for infectious processes. OI-RD microscopy was used to analyze direct binding of the oncopathogen, Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) to immobilized glycoconjugates in real time with no need for labeling tags. The results suggest the presence of additional Lewis b blood group antigen (Le b) binding adhesins that have not been detected previously. OI-RD microscopy also confirmed the high-affinity binding of H. pylori outer-membrane protein BabA to Le b. The OI-RD microscopy method is broadly applicable to real-time characterization of intact microbial binding to host receptors and offers new strategies to elucidate the molecular interactions of infectious agents with human host cells.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Analytical Chemistry