In pathologic specimen, Histoplasma capsulatum can frequently be identified by morphology and special stains such as GMS and PAS. Incidentally, we noted unusual staining of the platelet associated marker CD42b/GP1b expressed on the surface of fungal organisms. Evaluation of additional cases demonstrated that a majority of histoplasmosis cases (15/18 cases; 83%) showed positive staining with CD42b/GP1b, comparable to GMS stain results. Other platelet associated markers such as Factor VIII and CD61 showed no or rare expression (1/18 cases with Factor VIII). Studies have shown that 14-3-3 proteins bind directly to cytoplasmic domain of CD42b/GP1b. Significant homology is seen between fungal and human 14-3-3 proteins which may represent a molecular basis for our observation. Our study demonstrated that CD42b/GP1b staining by immunohistochemistry can aid in detection of Histoplasma organisms. Further studies with organisms with similar morphologic features such as Blastomyces and Leishmania may demonstrate a diagnostic utility in speciating organisms.
- 14-3-3 proteins
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine