Use of a recombinant Coccidioides immitis complement fixation antigen- chitinase in conventional serological assays

Suzanne M. Johnson, C. Roger Zimmermann, Demosthenes Pappagianis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

The coccidioidal complement fixation (CF) antigen has been cloned previously, and the fusion protein has been expressed in Escherichia coli. The recombinant CF (rCF) antigen was affinity purified by adsorption- desorption to chitin, and its reactivity was studied by using sera containing coccidioidal antibodies. The affinity-purified rCF antigen formed a line of identity with an immunodiffusion (ID) CF reference antigen (coccidioidin) derived from mycelial-phase Coccidioides immitis and was reactive with human, canine, and equine sera containing coccidioidal antibody. The affinity- purified rCF antigen yielded no detectable reaction with Blastomyces or Histoplasma antiserum by ID. The affinity-purified rCF antigen fixed complement with positive human sera and, even when used at lower concentrations, yielded titers comparable to those obtained with the coccidioidin. The reactivity of the affinity-purified rCF antigen was further evaluated by enzyme immunoassay, in which it manifested good sensitivity (96.9%) and specificity (100%) when evaluated with 43 human patients' sera. Thus, the affinity-purified rCF antigen has yielded reactions comparable to those of crude coccidioidal antigens in conventional CF, IDCF, and enzyme immunoassay.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3160-3164
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Clinical Microbiology
Volume34
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 1996

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Microbiology

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