Urologic aspects of HIV infection

Alan W Shindel, Ardavan Akhavan, Ira D. Sharlip

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


Although lifespan has dramatically improved in the human immunodeficiency virus-positive (HIV+) population, HIV and its treatment continue to be a source of substantial morbidity in many organ systems, including the genitourinary tract. As the number of long-term survivors increases with advances in antiretroviral therapy, age-associated urologic symptoms are also becoming increasingly relevant considerations for people living with HIV. Primary care physicians have a major role to play in maintaining the genitourinary health of their HIV+ patients. This role is of great importance not just for the well-being of the individual patient but for the public health, as the genitourinary tract is a common vector for HIV transmission. In this article the authors review the management of the genitourinary system in patients with HIV infection. Particular consideration is given to urinary tract infections, lower urinary tract symptoms, renal insufficiency, sexual and fertility problems, and cancers of the genitourinary tract. Management algorithms are outlined and indications for referral to a urologist are emphasized.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)129-151
Number of pages23
JournalMedical Clinics of North America
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2011


  • Erectile dysfunction
  • Genitourinary infection
  • Genitourinary tumors
  • Human immunodeficiency virus
  • Male circumcision

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


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