Urinary excretion of catechin metabolites by human subjects after red wine consumption

Jennifer L. Donovan, Siddika E Karakas, Andrew L. Waterhouse

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

66 Scopus citations


Little is known about flavonoid metabolism and excretion in man. In the present study, the urinary excretion of a major flavonoid in wine, catechin, and its metabolites, were measured after nine human subjects each consumed 120 ml red wine (RW) on one day and de-alcoholized red wine (DRW) on a separate day. Both the RW and DRW contained 120 (SEM 3) μmol catechin (35 mg). GC-MS analyses of the trimethylsilylated derivatives of catechin and 3′ and 4′ methylcatechin were performed before and after hydrolysis of conjugates by β-glucuronidase and sulfatase. Baseline urine samples collected prior to wine consumption contained 0.013 (SEM 0.005) μmol catechin and metabolites. During the 8 h period following consumption of RW and DRW, 6.6 (SEM 0.9) and 5.3 (SEM 0.6) μmol catechin and metabolites were excreted in 893 (SEM 94) and 740 (SEM 101) ml urine respectively. This corresponded to 3.0-10.3% of the dose after RW and 2.1-8.2% of the dose after DRW. The amount of catechin and metabolites excreted in urine was 20% higher after RW compared with DRW (P=0.06). Catechin in all urine samples was present as metabolites and there were no differences in the proportions of individual metabolites after RW and DRW. As with other flavonoids, the fate of most ingested catechin is not yet known.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)31-37
Number of pages7
JournalBritish Journal of Nutrition
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2002


  • Catechin
  • Catechin metabolites
  • Man
  • Urinary excretion
  • Wine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)


Dive into the research topics of 'Urinary excretion of catechin metabolites by human subjects after red wine consumption'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this