A new class of inhibitors of juvenile hormone epoxide hydrolase (JHEH) of Manduca sexta and further in vitro characterization of the enzyme are reported. The compounds are based on urea and amide pharmacophores that were previously demonstrated as effective inhibitors of mammalian soluble and microsomal epoxide hydrolases. The best inhibitors against JHEH activity so far within this class are N-[(Z)-9-octadecenyl]-N′-propylurea and N-hexadecyl-N′-propylurea, which inhibited hydrolysis of a surrogate substrate (t-DPPO) with an IC50 around 90 nM. The importance of substitution number and type was investigated and results indicated that N, N′-disubstitution with asymmetric alkyl groups was favored. Potencies of pharmacophores decreased as follows: amide>urea>carbamate>carbodiimide>thiourea and thiocarbamate for N, N′-disubstituted compounds with symmetric substituents, and urea>amide>carbamate for compounds with asymmetric N, N′-substituents. JHEH hydrolyzes t-DPPO with a Km of 65.6 μM and a Vmax of 59 nmol main-1 mg-1 and has a substantially lower Km of 3.6 μM and higher Vmax of 322 nmol min-1 mg-1 for JH III. Although none of these compounds were potent inhibitors of hydrolysis of JH III by JHEH, they are the first leads toward inhibitors of JHEH that are not potentially subject to metabolism through epoxide degradation.
- Juvenile hormone epoxide hydrolase
- Manduca sexta
- Structure activity relationships (SAR)
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Insect Science