Recent studies have identified a growing diversity of splice variants of auxiliary Ca2+ channel Cavβ subunits. The Ca vβ1d isoform encodes a putative protein composed of the amino-terminal half of the full-length Cavβ1 isoform and thus lacks the known high-affinity binding site that recognizes the Ca2+ channel α1-subunit, the α-binding pocket. The present study investigated whether the Cavβ1d subunit is expressed at the protein level in heart, and whether it exhibits any of the functional properties typical of full-length Cavβ subunits. On Western blots, an antibody directed against the unique carboxyl terminus of Cavβ1d identified a protein of the predicted molecular mass of 23 kDa from canine and human hearts. Immunocytochemistry and surface-membrane biotinylation experiments in transfected HEK-293 cells revealed that the full-length Cavβ 1b subunit promoted membrane trafficking of the pore-forming α1C (Cav1.2)-subunit to the surface membrane, whereas the Cavβ1d subunit did not. Whole cell patch-clamp analysis of transfected HEK-293 cells demonstrated no effect of coexpression of the Cavβ1d with the α1C-subunit compared with the 15-fold larger currents and leftward shift in voltage-dependent activation induced by full-length Ca vβ1b coexpression. In contrast, cell-attached patch single-channel studies demonstrated that coexpression of either Ca vβ1b or Cavβ1d significantly increased mean open probability four- to fivefold relative to the α1C-channels alone, but only Cavβ1b coexpression increased the number of channels observed per patch. In conclusion, the Cavβ1d isoform is expressed in heart and can modulate the gating of L-type Ca2+ channels, but it does not promote membrane trafficking of the channel complex.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||American Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology|
|Issue number||5 57-5|
|State||Published - May 2005|
- Splice variant
ASJC Scopus subject areas