Unenhanced MDCT in suspected urolithiasis: Improved stone detection and density measurements using coronal maximum-intensity-projection images

Michael T Corwin, Margaret Hsu, John P McGahan, Machelle Wilson, Ramit Lamba

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

OBJECTIVE. The purpose of this study was to determine whether coronal maximum-intensity-projection (MIP) reformations improve urinary tract stone detection and density measurements compared with routine axial and coronal images. MATERIALS AND METHODS. Forty-five consecutive patients who underwent MDCT for suspected urolithiasis were included. Two radiologists independently determined the number of stones on 5-, 3-, and 1.25-mm axial, 5- and 3-mm coronal, and 5-mm coronal MIP images. The reference standard was obtained by consensus review using all six datasets. Stone density was determined for all calculi 4 mm or larger on all datasets. RESULTS. There were a total of 115 stones. Reader 1 identified 111 (96.5%), 112 (97.4%), 97 (84.3%), 102 (88.7%), 99 (86.1%), and 85 (73.9%) stones and reader 2 identified 105 (91.3%), 102 (88.7%), 85 (73.9%), 89 (77.4%), 89 (77.4%), and 76 (66.1%) stones on the MIP, 1.25-mm axial, 3-mm axial, 3-mm coronal, 5-mm coronal, and 5-mm axial images, respectively. Both readers identified more stones on the MIP images than on the 3- or 5-mm axial or coronal images (p < 0.0001). The mean difference in stone attenuation compared with the thin axial images was significantly less for the MIP images (44.6 HU) compared with 3-mm axial (235 HU), 3-mm coronal (309 HU), and 5-mm coronal (329.6 HU) or axial images (347.8 HU) (p < 0.0001). CONCLUSION. Coronal MIP reformations allow more accurate identification and density measurements of urinary tract stones compared with routine axial and coronal reformations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1036-1040
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican Journal of Roentgenology
Volume201
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2013

Keywords

  • Maximum intensity projection
  • MDCT
  • Nephrolithiasis
  • Renal stones
  • Urolithiasis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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