Unemployment and smoking: Does psychosocial stress matter?

R. De Vogli, M. Santinello

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

61 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aim: Research indicates that cigarette smoking is strongly associated with unemployment. However, little is known regarding the underlying mechanisms explaining this relationship. The aim of this study is to examine the role of psychosocial factors as potential mediators between unemployment and smoking. Participants: 4002 non-institutionalised, civilian adults living in the Veneto region of Italy. Design: The study was based on a computer assisted telephone interview (CATI). Linear by linear association tests were used to examine bivariate associations between unemployment, psychosocial factors, and smoking. Logistic regression models were developed to analyse the relationship between unemployment and smoking when adjusting for psychological factors. Results: The odds of smoking among the unemployed was 2.78 times (95% confidence interval (CI) 1.68 to 4.62) greater than that of higher managers and professionals controlling for demographic factors. The relationship between unemployment and smoking weakened (odds ratio 2.41, 95% CI 1.43 to 4.05) when psychosocial factors were entered into the analysis. The odds of the inability to control important things in life was 1.39 times (95% CI 1.11 to 1.75) greater, and the odds of emotional isolation was 1.45 times (95% CI 1.06 to 1.99) greater, among smokers compared to non-smokers controlling, for all other factors. Conclusions: Given that the data were cross sectional, firm conclusions cannot be drawn regarding the causal pathway connecting unemployment and smoking. However, this study suggests that psychosocial factors such as the inability to control and emotional isolation may be plausible mediators for the relationship.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)389-395
Number of pages7
JournalTobacco Control
Volume14
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2005
Externally publishedYes

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Unemployment
unemployment
smoking
Smoking
psychosocial factors
Psychology
confidence
Confidence Intervals
social isolation
Logistic Models
computer-assisted telephone interview
psychological factors
demographic factors
Italy
logistics
Odds Ratio
Demography
Interviews
manager
regression

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health Policy
  • Epidemiology

Cite this

Unemployment and smoking : Does psychosocial stress matter? / De Vogli, R.; Santinello, M.

In: Tobacco Control, Vol. 14, No. 6, 12.2005, p. 389-395.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

De Vogli, R. ; Santinello, M. / Unemployment and smoking : Does psychosocial stress matter?. In: Tobacco Control. 2005 ; Vol. 14, No. 6. pp. 389-395.
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