Understanding and evaluating veterinary clinical research

William Buhles, Philip H Kass

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Results from investigations conducted in clinical settings contribute greatly to determining how veterinarians practice medicine. It is important for the practitioner to understand how clinical information is collected, analyzed, and communicated in journals and presentations at conferences. Clinical research is either retrospective in observational studies, looking at historical medical records as the source of data, or prospective in both experimental and observational studies, where the study is designed before any patients are included. Prospective, experimental studies provide the more reliable results, although they form a minority of published reports. Randomized, controlled trials are the most reliable format, and attempts should be made to use this design more often in veterinary medicine. Care must be taken in the conduct of clinical research to reduce sources of bias that can yield false findings, particularly in small, retrospective studies. Statistical analysis is the key to data interpretation, but must be applied appropriately to avoid either wrong assumptions or misconception. Regardless of how studies are conducted, it is important for the practitioner to be an astute reader of the clinical literature. An understanding of clinical research methods will result in better medical standard of care recommendations and practice. (J Am Anim Hosp Assoc 2012; 48:285-298. DOI 10.5326/JAAHA-MS-5803)

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)285-298
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of the American Animal Hospital Association
Volume48
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2012

Fingerprint

observational studies
Observational Studies
research methods
Research
retrospective studies
veterinary medicine
veterinarians
medicine
Veterinary Medicine
statistical analysis
Veterinarians
Information Storage and Retrieval
Standard of Care
Medical Records
Randomized Controlled Trials
Retrospective Studies
Medicine
Prospective Studies

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Small Animals

Cite this

Understanding and evaluating veterinary clinical research. / Buhles, William; Kass, Philip H.

In: Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association, Vol. 48, No. 5, 09.2012, p. 285-298.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{82151cf20850496da49c9061f4cee758,
title = "Understanding and evaluating veterinary clinical research",
abstract = "Results from investigations conducted in clinical settings contribute greatly to determining how veterinarians practice medicine. It is important for the practitioner to understand how clinical information is collected, analyzed, and communicated in journals and presentations at conferences. Clinical research is either retrospective in observational studies, looking at historical medical records as the source of data, or prospective in both experimental and observational studies, where the study is designed before any patients are included. Prospective, experimental studies provide the more reliable results, although they form a minority of published reports. Randomized, controlled trials are the most reliable format, and attempts should be made to use this design more often in veterinary medicine. Care must be taken in the conduct of clinical research to reduce sources of bias that can yield false findings, particularly in small, retrospective studies. Statistical analysis is the key to data interpretation, but must be applied appropriately to avoid either wrong assumptions or misconception. Regardless of how studies are conducted, it is important for the practitioner to be an astute reader of the clinical literature. An understanding of clinical research methods will result in better medical standard of care recommendations and practice. (J Am Anim Hosp Assoc 2012; 48:285-298. DOI 10.5326/JAAHA-MS-5803)",
author = "William Buhles and Kass, {Philip H}",
year = "2012",
month = "9",
doi = "10.5326/JAAHA-MS-5803",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "48",
pages = "285--298",
journal = "Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association",
issn = "0587-2871",
publisher = "American Animal Hospital Association",
number = "5",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Understanding and evaluating veterinary clinical research

AU - Buhles, William

AU - Kass, Philip H

PY - 2012/9

Y1 - 2012/9

N2 - Results from investigations conducted in clinical settings contribute greatly to determining how veterinarians practice medicine. It is important for the practitioner to understand how clinical information is collected, analyzed, and communicated in journals and presentations at conferences. Clinical research is either retrospective in observational studies, looking at historical medical records as the source of data, or prospective in both experimental and observational studies, where the study is designed before any patients are included. Prospective, experimental studies provide the more reliable results, although they form a minority of published reports. Randomized, controlled trials are the most reliable format, and attempts should be made to use this design more often in veterinary medicine. Care must be taken in the conduct of clinical research to reduce sources of bias that can yield false findings, particularly in small, retrospective studies. Statistical analysis is the key to data interpretation, but must be applied appropriately to avoid either wrong assumptions or misconception. Regardless of how studies are conducted, it is important for the practitioner to be an astute reader of the clinical literature. An understanding of clinical research methods will result in better medical standard of care recommendations and practice. (J Am Anim Hosp Assoc 2012; 48:285-298. DOI 10.5326/JAAHA-MS-5803)

AB - Results from investigations conducted in clinical settings contribute greatly to determining how veterinarians practice medicine. It is important for the practitioner to understand how clinical information is collected, analyzed, and communicated in journals and presentations at conferences. Clinical research is either retrospective in observational studies, looking at historical medical records as the source of data, or prospective in both experimental and observational studies, where the study is designed before any patients are included. Prospective, experimental studies provide the more reliable results, although they form a minority of published reports. Randomized, controlled trials are the most reliable format, and attempts should be made to use this design more often in veterinary medicine. Care must be taken in the conduct of clinical research to reduce sources of bias that can yield false findings, particularly in small, retrospective studies. Statistical analysis is the key to data interpretation, but must be applied appropriately to avoid either wrong assumptions or misconception. Regardless of how studies are conducted, it is important for the practitioner to be an astute reader of the clinical literature. An understanding of clinical research methods will result in better medical standard of care recommendations and practice. (J Am Anim Hosp Assoc 2012; 48:285-298. DOI 10.5326/JAAHA-MS-5803)

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84866352728&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84866352728&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.5326/JAAHA-MS-5803

DO - 10.5326/JAAHA-MS-5803

M3 - Article

C2 - 22843829

AN - SCOPUS:84866352728

VL - 48

SP - 285

EP - 298

JO - Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association

JF - Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association

SN - 0587-2871

IS - 5

ER -