Ultrasound-guided transfundal uterine sperm recovery from Macaca fascicularis

C. A. Vandevoort, Theodore L Tollner, Alice F Tarantal, J. W. Overstreet

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


Previous studies from this center have indicated that the cynomolgus macaque (Macaca fascicularis) may serve as a model for human sperm interaction with the cervix and uterus. In some macaque species, transcervical aspiration of the uterine contents carries a significant risk of disturbing the cervical milieu due to the serpentine nature of the cervix. The only alternatives have been surgical procedures such as laparotomy or laparoscopy. In this paper, we report our experience with a new technique for ultrasound-guided sampling of spermatozoa in the macaque uterus. Twenty adult female cynomolgus macaques were monitored for menses (first day of menses = day 1), and one mating per cycle was allowed on day 10, 11, or 12. In one group of ten animals, cervical mucus was sampled at 3 or 18 hr postcoitus (pc) and ultrasound-guided uterine aspiration was performed at 24 hours pc. In a second group of ten monkeys, uterine aspiration was at six hr pc and sperm numbers of motility were counted in the uterine fluid. Uterine fluid was obtained from fourteen of twenty monkeys. Pregnancy occurred in ten of the twenty experimental cycles. Ultrasound-guided uterine aspiration appears to be a reliable method for the evaluation of sperm transport in female macaques. The correlations between uterine sperm recovery and cervical mucus sperm populations are discussed. The high conception rate in treatment cycles indicates that this procedure can be performed without apparent risk to pregnancy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)327-331
Number of pages5
JournalGamete Research
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1989

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental Biology
  • Genetics


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