Ultrasonographic evaluation of renal autografts in normal cats

Rachel E Pollard, Thomas G. Nyland, Lynda Bernsteen, Clare R. Gregory, William J. Hornof

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Scopus citations


The purpose of this study was to determine changes in resistive index (RI) and renal size that occur in normal feline kidney autografts in the immediate post-transplant period. Qualitative changes in renal parenchymal echogenicity and pelvic dilation were also noted, although this was not a major focus of the study. Fourteen domestic short-haired cats underwent bilateral nephrectomies followed by an autograft of the right kidney to either the aorta or external iliac artery. Due to post-operative complications, only nine of these cats completed the study. Ultrasonographic determination of the RI and renal size was made before transplantation and on days 1, 4, 7, 10, and 13 following transplantation. No significant changes in renal RI were identified during the study. Renal size increased significantly, peaking at 63% above baseline on day 7, and stayed elevated at 50% above baseline on day 13. There was no evidence of rejection or other abnormalities found on histologic evaluation of the transplanted kidneys. It was concluded that the RI of normal feline renal autografts does not significantly change in the immediate post-operative period. However, significant renal enlargement, likely due to a combination of post-operative edema and hypertrophy, does occur. This study provides baseline information for comparison with feline allografts in the immediate post-transplant period.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)380-385
Number of pages6
JournalVeterinary Radiology and Ultrasound
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jul 1999


  • Cats
  • Cross-sectional area
  • Kidney
  • Resistive index
  • Transplant
  • Ultrasonography

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)


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