Type III hyperlipoproteinaemia in a Black patient. A case report

I. Jialal, M. A K Omar, B. Bredenkamp, P. R. Kambaran

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Abstract

A Black male aged 55 years presented with xanthomatosis on the elbows, buttocks and knees. The fasting serum cholesterol (10.62 mmol/l) and triglyceride levels (8.85 mmol/l) were elevated. The refrigerator test revealed a diffuse lactescence with a faint chylomicron layer. The very low density lipoprotein (VLDL) cholesterol and triglyceride levels were also elevated, with a VLDL cholesterol-to-VLDL triglyceride ratio of 0.37 and a VLDL cholesterol-to-serum triglyceride ratio of 0.45. Electrophoresis of the serum revealed a broad β-band and the VLDL isolated exhibited β mobility. After exclusion of secondary causes a diagnosis of primary type III hyperlipoproteinaemia was made.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)267-268
Number of pages2
JournalSouth African Medical Journal
Volume59
Issue number8
StatePublished - 1981
Externally publishedYes

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Jialal, I., Omar, M. A. K., Bredenkamp, B., & Kambaran, P. R. (1981). Type III hyperlipoproteinaemia in a Black patient. A case report. South African Medical Journal, 59(8), 267-268.