Type I nitric oxide synthase is decreased in the fetal pulmonary circulation of hypertensive lambs

Ching Tzao, Peter A. Nickerson, Robin H Steinhorn, Bernice K. Noble, Daniel D. Swartz, James A. Russell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

The nitric oxide (NO)/guanosine 3′,5′-cyclic monophosphate (cGMP) pathway plays an essential role in mediating pulmonary vasodilatation during transition of the pulmonary circulation at birth. We used immunoblot analysis (Western) and semiquantitative immunohistochemistry to study the presence, distribution, and relative amounts of type I nitric oxide synthase (NOS-I). Immunoblots were performed on normal fetal sheep lungs, whereas immunohistochemistry for NOS-I was compared between lungs from normal fetal lambs vs. fetal lambs with persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn (PPHN) induced by ligation of the ductus arteriosus. Western blot analysis using a polyclonal antibody detected NOS-I protein in homogenates of normal fetal sheep lungs. Abundant NOS-I immunoreactivity was observed exclusively in the precapillary resistance vessels, i.e., terminal bronchiole-associated arteries (TA) and respiratory bronchiole-associated arteries (RA) in normal fetal lung. In marked contrast, immunoreactivity for NOS-I was significantly reduced in the TA and RA of hypertensive lungs. We conclude that there is a heterogeneous distribution of NOS-I in the normal fetal sheep lung, but that NOS-I staining is significantly reduced in lambs with PPHN.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)437-442
Number of pages6
JournalPediatric Pulmonology
Volume33
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 2002
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • Animal models
  • Bronchiole-associated arteries
  • Neonatology
  • Nitric oxide
  • Nitric oxide synthase
  • Pulmonary artery
  • Pulmonary circulation
  • Pulmonary hypertension

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

Cite this

Tzao, C., Nickerson, P. A., Steinhorn, R. H., Noble, B. K., Swartz, D. D., & Russell, J. A. (2002). Type I nitric oxide synthase is decreased in the fetal pulmonary circulation of hypertensive lambs. Pediatric Pulmonology, 33(6), 437-442. https://doi.org/10.1002/ppul.10105