Two-bed SPECT/CT versus planar bone scintigraphy: Prospective comparison of reproducibility and diagnostic performance

Rehab Mostafa, Yasser G. Abdelhafez, Mahasen Abougabal, Lorenzo Nardo, Maha A. Elkareem

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective To evaluate the reproducibility and diagnostic performance of two-bed single-photon emission computed tomography/computed tomography (SPECT/CT) images (TBSCT), compared to conventional planar bone scintigraphy (PBS) for the diagnosis of osseous metastasis. Methods Patients with known solid tumor, referred to perform PBS, were included in this prospective study. PBS acquisition was followed by TBSCT images, covering at least the chest, abdomen and pelvis. Each modality was interpreted during a separate session by two independent nuclear medicine physicians with 12- and 3-year experience. Reference standard was formulated on the basis of subsequent clinical/imaging/histopathological evidence. Results One-hundred and six patients were finally included in our study. A moderate agreement between the two physicians was seen for PBS readings [k = 0.74; 95% confidence interval (CI), 0.61-0.86] which increased to 0.87 (95% CI, 0.77-0.96) for TBSCT. PBS readings were inconclusive in 29/106, compared to 6 for TBSCT. For each reader, TBSCT showed significantly greater sensitivity and accuracy compared to PBS. There was no significant difference in the sensitivity, specificity or accuracy of both modalities in patients with the breast cancer group, whereas TBSCT images have shown significant higher sensitivity and accuracy compared to PBS (P = 0.02 and 0.002, respectively) in nonbreast cancer patients. Conclusion TBSCT demonstrated higher reproducibility and significantly decreased the proportion of inconclusive readings of PBS. TBSCT resulted in significant gain in sensitivity and accuracy in the unselected group of patients with solid tumors. However, that gain may be better appreciated in patients with nonbreast cancer.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)360-368
Number of pages9
JournalNuclear Medicine Communications
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2021

Keywords

  • bone neoplasms
  • breast neoplasms
  • reproducibility
  • sensitivity and specificity
  • whole-body single photon emission computed tomography/computed tomography

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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