True parrots (Psittacoidea)

Joy Mench, Joanne Paul-Murphy, Kirk Klasing, Victoria Cussen

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


Parrots are members of the class Aves, order Psittaciformes, and superfamily Psittacoidea. Many different species of parrots are kept as companions. Captive birds are fed several different diets that match the nutrient content of the food to their changing nutrient needs. Enclosures should be designed such that they are safe, easily cleaned and disinfected, and with doors that are wide enough for easy access. The parrots should be housed in compatible social pairs or groups when possible. Adequate human companionship can potentially meet some of the social needs of companion parrots. Parrots can be affected by a variety of health problems, and medical and behavioural disorders will vary by species as well as by regional location. The best method of euthanasia is usually sedation or anaesthesia, followed by the injection of an overdose of pentobarbitone into a vein. Behavioural changes can be cryptic and subtle but are often the earliest signs of welfare problems.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationCompanion Animal Care and Welfare
Subtitle of host publicationThe UFAW Companion Animal Handbook
Number of pages17
ISBN (Electronic)9781119333708
ISBN (Print)9781118688793
StatePublished - Jan 1 2018


  • Behavioural changes
  • Diets
  • Enclosures
  • Euthanasia
  • Health problems
  • Human companionship
  • Parrots

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)


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