Accumulated evidence suggests that hypertriglyceridemia (HTG) is independently associated with an increased incidence of cardiovascular disease. The hypotriglyceridemic effects of n-3 PUFAs have been confirmed in Caucasians, but the effect in Asians is less clear. Recent evidence indicates that stearoyl-CoA desaturase (SCD) activity induced with high-carbohydrate diets increases plasma triglyceride levels. We investigated the relationship between triglyceride levels and the ratio of plasma oleic acid to stearic acid (the 18:1/18:0 ratio), a plasma marker of SCD activity, and n-3 PUFAs in 411 Japanese, 418 Korean, and 251 Mongolian adults. The Japanese and Koreans had higher values for triglyceride than their Mongolian counterparts, despite lower body mass index values for the Japanese and Koreans. The Japanese and Koreans ate fish more frequently and had remarkably higher values for n-3 PUFAs than did the Mongolians. Multiple regression analysis showed that triglyceride levels had a great magnitude of correlation with the increases in 18:1/18:0 ratio for the Japanese and Mongolians, and n-3 PUFAs remained significant for the Mongolians. HTG is ethnicity-specifically associated with an increase in the 18:1/18:0 ratio and a decrease in n-3 PUFA in plasma for Japanese, Koreans, and Mongolians.
- N-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid
- Stearoyl coenzyme A
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