Tribometrology of skin

Norm Gitis, Raja K Sivamani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

79 Scopus citations


The quantitative assessment of both skin health and skin care products is suggested based on skin tribological properties. Simultaneous multi-sensor measurements of both coefficient of friction and contact electrical impedance allow for fast and quantitative evaluation of skin conditions such as dryness and moisturization, and early diagnosis of skin diseases or of the deterioration in skin functions at a stage that may not be easily discernable visibly. It may be instrumental in developing and testing skin cosmetics and medicine.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)461-469
Number of pages9
JournalTribology Transactions
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2004
Externally publishedYes


  • Biolubrication
  • Friction testing
  • Skin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering


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