The principal treatment modality for ureteral ectopia is surgery. A variety of surgical procedures have been advocated for treatment of ectopic ureter and they can be broadly divided into removal of the ectopic ureter along with the affected kidney, reimplantation of the ureter into the bladder wall, or creation of a new opening into the bladder. Recently, cystoscopic-assisted laser ablation of intramural ectopic ureter has been reported as a minimally invasive alternative to open surgical treatment in male and female dogs. In patients with bilateral ureteral ectopia, ureteronephrectomy can be performed if one kidney is no longer functioning, but great care must be taken to assess renal function in the contralateral kidney prior to surgery. The most common surgical treatment for intramural ectopic ureter is neoureterostomy with or without trigonal reconstruction.
- Cystoscopic-assisted laser ablation
- Ectopic ureter
- Trigonal reconstruction
ASJC Scopus subject areas