Treatment of traumatic cervical myelopathy with surgery, prolonged positive-pressure ventilation, and physical therapy in a dog

Scan D. Smarick, Helena Rylander, Jamie Burkitt Creedon, Nancy E. Scott, Jacqueline S. Woelz, Karl Jandrey, Janet Aldrich, Beverly Sturges

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Case Description - A 9-year-old dog was evaluated for traumatic cervical myelopathy after a surgical attempt to realign and stabilize the C2 and C3 vertebrae. Clinical Findings - The dog could not ventilate spontaneously and was tetraplegic; positive-pressure ventilation (PPV) was maintained. Myelography and computed tomography revealed spinal cord compression with subluxation of the C2 and C3 vertebrae and extrusion of the C2-3 intervertebral disk. Treatment and Outcome - Surgically, the protruding disk material was removed and the vertebrae were realigned with screws and wire. For PPV, assist control ventilation in volume control mode and then in pressure control mode was used in the first 6 days; this was followed by synchronized intermittent mandatory ventilation until 33 days after the injury; then only continuous positive airway pressure was provided until the dog could breathe unassisted, 37 days after the injury. Physical therapy that included passive range of motion exercises, neuromuscular electrical stimulation, and functional weight-bearing positions was administered until the dog was discharged 46 days after injury; the dog was severely ataxic and tetraparetic but could walk. Therapy was continued at home, and 1 year later, the dog could run and had moderate ataxia and tetraparesis. Clinical Relevance - Hypoventilation with tetraparesis in traumatic spinal cord injury can be successfully treated with PPV exceeding 30 days, surgery, and physical therapy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)370-374
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
Volume230
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2007

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physical therapy
therapy dogs
Positive-Pressure Respiration
Spinal Cord Injuries
surgery
Dogs
dogs
vertebrae
Spine
spinal cord
Ventilation
Wounds and Injuries
Therapeutics
Hypoventilation
intervertebral disks
Myelography
Spinal Cord Compression
Continuous Positive Airway Pressure
Intervertebral Disc
Weight-Bearing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)

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Treatment of traumatic cervical myelopathy with surgery, prolonged positive-pressure ventilation, and physical therapy in a dog. / Smarick, Scan D.; Rylander, Helena; Burkitt Creedon, Jamie; Scott, Nancy E.; Woelz, Jacqueline S.; Jandrey, Karl; Aldrich, Janet; Sturges, Beverly.

In: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, Vol. 230, No. 3, 01.02.2007, p. 370-374.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Smarick, Scan D. ; Rylander, Helena ; Burkitt Creedon, Jamie ; Scott, Nancy E. ; Woelz, Jacqueline S. ; Jandrey, Karl ; Aldrich, Janet ; Sturges, Beverly. / Treatment of traumatic cervical myelopathy with surgery, prolonged positive-pressure ventilation, and physical therapy in a dog. In: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association. 2007 ; Vol. 230, No. 3. pp. 370-374.
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