Fifteen unselected children and adolescents with Cushing's disease were treated by transsphenoidal exploration and microadenomectomy. In only three patients was radiographic examination of the sella turcica, including computed tomography, useful in indicating the presence and location of a pituitary microadenoma. Transsphenoidal microadenomectomy corrected hypercortisolism in 14 of the 15 patients; adenoma was detected in one patient, and one required a second operation six months after the first because of incomplete removal of the adenoma. All 14 lost weight and cushingoid stigmata and had normal or catch-up growth (if epiphyses were not fused) and progression of puberty. In one patient, a recurrence was successfully treated by repeat microadenomectomy six years after the first procedure. The low morbidity and failure rate of the procedure, the low recurrence rate, the rapid amelioration of signs of hypercortisolism, and the preservation of pituitary function in the present study support transsphenoidal microadenomectomy as a low-risk approach to the initial treatment of Cushing's disease in childhood and adolescence.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||New England Journal of Medicine|
|State||Published - 1984|
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