Treatment, diagnostic trials, and construction of species-specific PCR primers of Hadjelia truncata in pigeons (Columba livia)

Julie M. Kelly, Carlos G Senties-cue, Bruce R. Charlton, Richard W. Gerhold, Tiffany J. Santoro, Mark C. Bland

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

In 2009, the first United States case of Hadjelia truncata in pigeons was reported at the California Animal Health and Food Safety Laboratory System. Since then, multiple ranches have had birds diagnosed with the parasite, with the primary complaint being weight loss. Intramuscular ivermectin and oral levamisole were used as potential treatments on those ranches previously diagnosed with H. truncata. Ivermectin was found to be a successful treatment based on improved weight gain, whereas the effectiveness of levamisole was questionable. Several antemortem diagnostic techniques were also evaluated. Simple fecal flotations were unsuccessful at identifying ova, whereas direct fecal smears were successful, but unreliable. The use of PCR successfully amplified the ribosomal 18S DNA, which was then sequenced. It was found to be most similar to Onchocerca cervicalis, Setaria digitata, and Loa loa, respectively.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)559-564
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Applied Poultry Research
Volume22
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2013

Fingerprint

levamisole
Columba livia
ranching
ivermectin
pigeons
Loa loa
Setaria digitata
Onchocerca cervicalis
ova
animal health
ribosomal DNA
diagnostic techniques
food safety
mouth
weight loss
weight gain
parasites
birds

Keywords

  • 18S
  • DNA sequencing
  • Hadjelia truncata
  • Ivermectin
  • Levamisole
  • PCR
  • Pigeon

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Animal Science and Zoology

Cite this

Treatment, diagnostic trials, and construction of species-specific PCR primers of Hadjelia truncata in pigeons (Columba livia). / Kelly, Julie M.; Senties-cue, Carlos G; Charlton, Bruce R.; Gerhold, Richard W.; Santoro, Tiffany J.; Bland, Mark C.

In: Journal of Applied Poultry Research, Vol. 22, No. 3, 09.2013, p. 559-564.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kelly, Julie M. ; Senties-cue, Carlos G ; Charlton, Bruce R. ; Gerhold, Richard W. ; Santoro, Tiffany J. ; Bland, Mark C. / Treatment, diagnostic trials, and construction of species-specific PCR primers of Hadjelia truncata in pigeons (Columba livia). In: Journal of Applied Poultry Research. 2013 ; Vol. 22, No. 3. pp. 559-564.
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