Vegetated buffer strips were evaluated for their ability to remove waterborne Cryptosporidium parvum from surface and shallow subsurface flow during simulated rainfall rates of 15 or 40 mm/h for 4 h. Log10 reductions for spiked C. parvum oocysts ranged from 1.0 to 3.1 per m of vegetated buffer, with buffers set at 5 to 20% slope, 85 to 99% fescue cover, soil textures of either silty clay (19:47:34 sand-silt-clay), loam (45:37:18), or sandy loam (70:25:5), and bulk densities of between 0.6 to 1.7 g/cm3. Vegetated buffers constructed with sandy loam or higher soil bulk densities were less effective at removing waterborne C. parvum (1- to 2-log10 reduction/m) compared to buffers constructed with silty clay or loam or at lower bulk densities (2- to 3-log10 reduction/m). The effect of slope on filtration efficiency was conditional on soil texture and soil bulk density. Based on these results, a vegetated buffer strip comprised of similar soils at a slope of ≤20% and a length of ≥3 m should function to remove ≥99.9% of C. parvum oocysts from agricultural runoff generated during events involving mild to moderate precipitation.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||Applied and Environmental Microbiology|
|State||Published - Nov 1 2002|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Environmental Science(all)