Transplanted dentate progenitor cells show increased survival in an enriched environment but do not exert a neurotrophic effect on spatial memory within 2 weeks of engraftment

Amanda L. Jamal, Tara L. Walker, Amanda J. Waber Nguyen, Robert F Berman, Gerd Kempermann, Ben Waldau

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Cyclin D2 knockout mice show decreased levels of endogenous dentate neurogenesis. We investigated whether transplanted dentate progenitor cells from wild-type mice respond in vivo to an enriched environment and whether they improve deficient dentate neurogenesis through a neurotrophic effect. Adult cyclin D2 knockout mice were transplanted with passaged adult progenitor cells and kept in an enriched environment or under standard housing conditions in isolation. After 1 week, animals living in an enriched environment underwent water maze testing. Progenitor cells grown on a laminin/poly-d-lysine monolayer expressed Sox2 and nestin and could be differentiated in vitro into neurons and astrocytes. After transplantation into the dentate gyrus, cells preferentially survived along the laminin-rich ependymal lining of the basal cistern or basal membrane of capillaries. A subpopulation of transplanted cells migrated into the interstitial space of the hippocampus and was not associated with laminin. Environmental enrichment led to a significant increase in the survival of transplanted progenitor cells on laminin in the dentate gyrus after 2 weeks. However, animals did not show an enhanced performance in the Morris water maze, and transplantation failed to exert a neurotrophic effect on endogenous neurogenesis after 2 weeks. However, a major limitation of the study is the short-term period of investigation, which may have been insufficient to capture functional effects. In conclusion, initial survival of transplanted neural progenitor cells was dependent on the presence of laminin and was significantly enhanced by environmental enrichment. Further studies are needed to address whether an enriched environment continues to promote graft survival over longer periods of time.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2435-2448
Number of pages14
JournalCell Transplantation
Volume24
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - 2015

Keywords

  • Cyclin D2 knockout
  • Enriched environment
  • Laminin
  • Neural progenitor cell
  • Neurogenesis
  • Transplantation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology
  • Transplantation
  • Biomedical Engineering

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Transplanted dentate progenitor cells show increased survival in an enriched environment but do not exert a neurotrophic effect on spatial memory within 2 weeks of engraftment'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this