A diagnosis of transmural ileal ganglioneuromatosis was made in a 15-day-old goat that was found dead following a period of diarrhoea and inappetence. Grossly, the entire length of the wall of the ileum was pale and firm with a variably segmental to transmural thickening. Microscopically, the ileal transmural thickening was due to a diffuse proliferation of both ganglionic and glial cells forming cell nests or packets that infiltrated the wall and into the mesentery surrounding a mesenteric lymph node. The neoplastic ganglionic cells wereimmunoreactive for S100, synaptophysin and triple neurofilament, while the glial spindle cells were immunoreactive with glial fibrillary acidic protein, S100 and laminin confirming their Schwann cell identity. Nerve fibres expressing neurofilament protein 200 and phosphorylated neurofilament (SMI-31) were observed rarely. Ganglioneuromatosis is defined as diffuse exuberant proliferation of all components of the intestinal ganglionic plexuses. In man, the transmural form has more grave clinical consequences than a focal pattern and is commonly associated with germline mutations in the RET proto-oncogene. Whether there is any comparable molecular genetic abnormality in animals remains unknown; however, ganglioneuromatosis needs to be included in the differential diagnosis of tumours of the autonomic enteric nervous system.
- Small intestine
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine