Transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta) increased the phosphorylation of the epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptor and inhibited the growth of A431 cells. Incubation with TGF-beta induced maximal EGF receptor phosphorylation to levels 1.5-fold higher than controls. Phosphorylation increased more prominently (4-5-fold) on tyrosine residues as determined by phosphoamino acid analysis and antiphosphotyrosine antibody immunoblotting. The kinase activity of EGF receptor was also elevated 2.5-fold when cells were cultured in the presence of TGF-beta. The antiproliferative effect of TGF-beta on A431 cells was accompanied by prolongation of G0-G1 phase and by morphological changes. TGF-beta augmented the growth inhibition of A431 cells which could be induced by EGF. In parallel, the specific EGF-induced increase in total phosphorylation of the EGF receptor was also augmented in the presence of TGF-beta. In cells cultured with TGF-beta, the phosphorylation of EGF receptor tyrosines induced by 20-min exposure to EGF was further increased 2-3-fold, suggesting additive effects upon receptor phosphorylation. EGF receptor activation by TGF-beta is characterized by kinetics quite distinct from that induced by EGF and therefore appears to take place through an independent mechanism. The TGF-beta-induced elevation in the phosphorylation of the EGF receptor may have a role in the augmented growth inhibition of A431 cells observed in the presence of EGF and TGF-beta.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Cell growth & differentiation : the molecular biology journal of the American Association for Cancer Research|
|State||Published - Feb 1992|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology
- Molecular Biology