Transfection of Avian LMH-2A Hepatoma Cells with Cationic Lipids

R. L. Walzem, M. A. Hickman, J. B. German, R. J. Hansen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


LMH-2A is an estrogen-responsive avian hepatoma cell line whose susceptibility to cationic-lipidmediated transfection is poorly described. 3β[N-N′,N′-dimethylaminoethane)-carbamoyl] cholesterol (DCC) requires a one-step synthesis, and can be used to formulate transfection-grade liposomes when combined with dioleoylphosphatidyl-ethanolamine (DOPE) 1/1 (wt/wt). Luciferase activities in LMH-2A cells were 8.5-fold and 87.5-fold greater than those in HepG2 and FTO2B cells, respectively, following DCC-liposome-mediated transfection with a reporter consisting of the human cytomegalovirus immediate-early promoter (CMV), joined to Photinus pyralis luciferase (L) cDNA, designated pCMVL. Using pCMVL, N-(2-bromoethyl)-N,N-dimethyl-2,3-bis(9-octadecenyloxy)-propanaminimun bromide) (BMOP)/DOPE 1/1 (wt/wt), at a 7.5:1 ratio with DNA, produced luciferase activities that were 2.9-fold higher than those of DCC-liposomes, at an optimal 10:1 lipid:DNA ratio. At optimal lipid:DNA ratios, commercially available liposomes, Transfectam®, Lipofectamine®, and Lipofectin®, produced luciferase activities that were 1.39, 1.03, and 0.47-fold those of DCC-liposomes. The effect of 0, 10, 100, or 500 nM/L 17β-estradiol on the expression of pCMVL and a second luciferase reporter containing the -593/+48 promoter region of the estrogen-responsive avian apo VLDL-II gene, designated pApoL, was tested in cells cultured in the presence or absence of 10% chicken serum. The CMV promoter supported a high level of expression in LMH-2A cells that was unaffected by serum alone, but was weakly responsive to estrogen. Estrogen responses of both reporters reached a plateau at 10 nM/L. Estrogen increased the expression of pApoL 24-fold and 79-fold in the absence and presence of serum, respectively. The -593/+48 region of the apo VLDL-II promoter may not contain previously reported negative insulin response elements, but chicken serum contains factors that enhance estrogen responsiveness of this region.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)882-886
Number of pages5
JournalPoultry Science
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 1997


  • Avian hepatoma LMH-2A cells
  • Cationic lipid
  • Estrogen
  • Transient expression assay

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Animal Science and Zoology


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