Transcriptional switch from albumin to α-fetoprotein and changes in transcription of other genes during carbon tetrachloride induced liver regeneration

Arturo Panduro, Fouad Shalaby, Francis R. Weiner, Luis Biempica, Mark A Zern, David A. Shafritz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

102 Scopus citations

Abstract

During liver regeneration induced by CCl4 administration to rats, changes in the relative transcription rates of albumin and α-fetoprotein genes have been measured in conjunction with other liver-specific and general cellular function genes. Within 24 h following CCl4 administration, albumin gene transcription decreases by 85%, whereas α-fetoprotein transcription increases from undetectable levels to 50% of that observed for albumin. These changes precede maximal [3H]thymidine incorporation into DNA which peaks at 48 h. Other genes related to liver-specific functions, such as ligandin, arantitrypsin, and cytochrome P-450's, as well as general cellular genes pro α1- and pro α2-collagen, β-actin, and α-tubulin, respond in kinetic patterns often distinct from each other and from albumin and α-fetoprotein. Changes in the steady-state levels of albumin and α-fetoprotein mRNA correlate with changes in transcription, but there is a lag in α-fetoprotein mRNA accumulation, which peaks at 72 h following CCl4 administration. These studies indicate that reciprocal changes in albumin and α-fetoprotein gene transcription occur during CCl4-induced liver regeneration, leading to changes in the level of these specific mRNAs. These changes precede DNA synthesis and would appear to represent an alteration in differentiated function of hepatocytes in conjunction with the liver regenerative process.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1414-1420
Number of pages7
JournalBiochemistry
Volume25
Issue number6
StatePublished - 1986
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry

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