Transcriptional regulation of human RANK ligand gene expression by E2F1

Yan Hu, Meng Sun, Nagalakshmi Nadiminty, Wei Lou, Elaine Pinder, Allen C Gao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa B ligand (RANKL) is a critical osteoclastogenic factor involved in the regulation of bone resorption, immune function, the development of mammary gland and cardiovascular system. To understand the transcriptional regulation of RANKL, we amplified and characterized a 1890 bp 5′-flanking sequence of human RANKL gene (-1782 bp to +108 bp relative to the transcription start site). Using a series of deletion mutations of the 1890 bp RANKL promoter, we identified a 72 bp region (-172 to -100 bp) mediating RANKL basal transcriptional activity. Sequence analysis revealed a putative E2F binding site within this 72 bp region in the human RANKL promoter. Overexpression of E2F1 increased RANKL promoter activity, while down-regulation of E2F1 expression by small interfering RNA decreased RANKL promoter activity. RT-PCR and enzyme linked immunosorbent assays (ELISA) further demonstrated that E2F1 induced the expression of RANKL. Electrophoretic gel mobility shift assays (EMSA) and antibody competition assays confirmed that E2F1 proteins bind to the consensus E2F binding site in the RANKL promoter. Mutation of the E2F consensus binding site in the RANKL promoter profoundly reduced the basal promoter activity and abolished the transcriptional modulation of RANKL by E2F1. These results suggest that E2F1 plays an important role in regulating RANKL transcription through binding to the E2F consensus binding site.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)440-444
Number of pages5
JournalBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Volume370
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 6 2008

Keywords

  • E2F1
  • RANK
  • RANKL
  • Transcriptional regulation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Biophysics
  • Molecular Biology

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